Uterine Fibroids are abnormal growths that develop in woman’s uterus. Sometimes these tumors become quite large and cause severe abdominal pain and heavy periods. Menorrhagia is the medical term for heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding. Such bleeding can cause anemia and may lead to the need of blood transfusion. There are various theories which explains how fibroids contribute to heavy bleeding.
One theory suggests that fibroids which are located within the uterine cavity enlarges the surface area of the endometrium. This enlargement of uterine lining may be a cause of heavy menstrual bleeding. Also fibroids within the uterine muscle which are larger or close to the cavity can increase the blood flow to the uterus. These fibroids can affect the normal systems that control bleeding in the uterus. They can increase the size of the cavity of the uterus, hence increases bleeding.
This heavy bleeding due to fibroids can result in the formation of clots. Fibroids pain is caused by distension of the womb and passage of the clots. Some women pass very large clots and have serious pain during their menstrual cycle.
Another explanation suggests that fibroids disturb the hormone production, which are involved in the contraction and relaxation of the muscles in the uterus.
Risk of Anemia due to Fibroids
Heavy bleeding due to fibroids can sometimes cause anemia. If blood test results show that you are anemic, it is crucial to put what that means into context. So that you can monitor the symptoms and make sure to undergo a treatment if they worsen.
Being aware of the dangers of anemia can help you get ahead of some serious complications like heart attack, arrhythmia, angina and heart failure.
Loss of red blood cells from the body due to anemia, is replaced by bone marrow in the body. This causes loss of iron in these cells which can lead to iron deficiency once tissue stores have been depleted. This iron deficiency can cause reduced bone marrow response, which ultimately worsens the degree of anemia.